+ All Othello Theme Essays:
- Jealousy in Shakespeare's Othello
- The Villian Iago in Shakespeare´s Othello
- Shakespeare's 'Othello': An Analysis of Iago's Character
- To What Extent Is Othello Responsible For His Own Downfall?
- The Irony of William Shakespeare's Othello
- Racism in William Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello and Heroism
- Themes of Wuthering Heights
- Iago as an Evil Manipulator in William Shakespeare's Othello
- Plot and Character Analysis of Shakespeare's Othello
- The Pride of Othello
- Is Othello a Tragic Hero?
- The Creation of Tension and Suspense in Othello by William Shakespeare
- Iago and the Literary Tradition of a Villain in William Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello, or the Fall of a General
- Themes in The Giver
- Racism in Othello by William Shakespeare
- The Corrupt Characters in Othello by Shakespeare
- Iago as the Cause of the Tragedy of Othello and Desdemona or as the Catalyst
- Mirror of Good and Evil in Shakespeare's Othello
- The Handkerchief of Love and Deception in Othello
- The Role Of Women in Shakespeare's Othello
- Justice and Injustice in Othello
- Race, Religion, and the Significance of Stereotypes in Othello
- Othello, The Moor of Venice
- Is It Power of Words Which Destroy Othello or His Own Hubris?
- Jealousy in William Shakespeare's Othello
- Jealousy in Shakespeare's Othello
- Pride in Oedipus and Othello
- Tragic Flaws of Othello
- Iago's Manipulations: Master of Words and People in Othello by Shakespeare
- Don't Blame Lago in Shakespeare's Play, Othello
- The True Beast in Othello
- Essay on Villains in Much Ado About Nothing and Othello
- The Theme of Lord of the Flies
- Racism in Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello: Characters Bring About Their Own Demise.
- Change in Othello + Related Material
- Malignant Iago of Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello: the Concept of Love
- Iago's charachter in Shakespeare's Othello
- Characters in Othello: Colors and Shapes
- Human Frailty in Othello
- Othello's Diverse Themes
- Othello V.’S. Macbeth: Battle of Tragedy
- Feminine Roles in Othello
- Defender of the Faith Theme
- Othello Questions
- Hamlet Theme Family
- Shakespeare's Play, Othello, is More than a Tragedy
- Othello - The Tragic Hero
- Marriage and Power in Othello
- A Summary of Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello: the Noble Savage
- Othello as Victim of Hamartia
- Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello
- Racism in William Shakespeare’s Othello
- The Importance of Race in Othello
- Shakespeare's Othello - Desdemona the Ideal
- The Role of Femininity in Shakespeare's Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear
- Othello and the Force of Love
- William Shakespeare's Othello as a Victim
- Lack of Reason in Shakespeare's Othello
- Epic of Gilgamesh Theme
- Why Is Shakespeares Othello Still Relevant in Todays Audiences?
- Othello: Iago Appearance vs. Realality
- Desdemona in William Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello Chose His Fate
- The Flaws of Othello, Murderer of Desdemona
- The Use Of Animal Imagery In Othello
- Deception in Shakespeare's Othello
- The Role of Iago in William Shakespeare’s Othello
- Iago's Ambitions in William Shakespeare's Othello
- The Relationship Between Love And Hate In Othello
- Manipulation andf the Dramatic Irony of Othello by Shakespeare
- Dramatic Irony Used for Characterization in Othello by Shakespeare
- Deception in Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello as an outsider
- A Comparison of Othello and the Movie O
- Othello as a Tragedy of Character
- How does Iago manipulate Othello in Act 3?
- The Unscrupulous Iago of Shakespeare's Othello
- Othello and Antigone
Throughout Shakespeare’s Othello, jealousy is apparent. The tragedy Othello focuses on the doom of Othello and the other major characters as a result of jealousy. In Shakespeare’s Othello, jealousy is mainly portrayed through the two major characters: Iago and Othello. It utterly corrupts their lives because it causes Iago to show his true self, which in turn triggers Othello to undergo an absolute conversion that destroys the lives of their friends.
Othello represents how jealousy, particularly sexual jealousy, is one of the most corrupting and destructive of emotions. It is jealousy that prompts Iago to plot Othello's downfall; jealousy, too, is the tool that Iago uses to arouse Othello's passions. Roderigo and Bianca demonstrate jealousy at various times in the play, and Emilia demonstrates that she too knows the emotion well. Only Desdemona and Cassio, the true innocents of the story, seem beyond its clutches. Shakespeare used the theme in other plays, but nowhere else is it portrayed as quite the "green- eyed" monster it is in this play. Since it is an emotion that everyone shares, we watch its destructive influence on the characters with sympathy and horror.
How jealousy works in Othello
Shakespeare’s Othello is very close to the Aristotle’s conception of tragedy,specially in respect ofthe portrayal of the protagonist Othello. Like a classical tragic Othello in the tragedy Othello falls from his position due to his his ’tragic flaw’ jealousy.Jealousy is the main tragic flaw that brings about Othello’s misfortune,suffering, and death.Though this flaw is fuelled by the external force like the withces in Macbeth,but jealousy seems to have a deep root in Othello’s character.
Jealousy is the main factor that appears to destroy Othello. Iago is the initiator of the chain of events that sparks jealousy in Othello, and eventually leads to the downfall of not only the main character, but also of most of the significant characters in the book.
In Othello Shakespeare presents us with the tragic spectacle of a man who,in spirit of jealous rage ,destroys what he loves best in all the world.We will be able to best realize the tragic effect jealousy if we consider first the nature of the relation between Othello and Desdemona.The marriage between Othello and Desdemona is a real ’marriage of true minds’, a true love based on a mutual awareness and a true appreciation of each other’s worth,a love that has in it none of the element of sensual lust.The love of Othello and Desdemona transcends the physical barriers of color,nationality and age.But this love is destroyed as soon as jealousness enters into the mind of Othello.
It is Iago who plants the seeds of suspicion and jealousy in Othello’s mind.In Act III: Scene 3,Cassio speaks to Desdemona, asking her to intercede with Othello on his behalf. Desdemona willingly agrees, knowing that Cassio is an old friend of Othello's. She promises to speak of him with her husband repeatedly until the quarrel is patched up and Cassio is recalled.
In the meantime, Othello and Iago enter and Cassio, who is embarrassed because of his antics the previous night, embraces Desdemona and departs. Iago seizes the opportunity to make an undermining comment — "Ha, I like not that" — that rankles in Othello's mind. Iago further insinuates that Cassio was not just leaving, but that he was "steal[ing] away so guilty-like" (39). Iago's words here are filled with forceful innuendo, and as he pretends to be a man who cannot believe what he sees, he introduces jealousy into Othello's subconscious.
Desdemona greets her husband and, without guilt, introduces Cassio's name into their conversation. Here, fate plays a major role in this tragedy; not even Iago wholly arranged this swift, coincidental confrontation of Othello, Desdemona, and Cassio, and certainly the pathos of Desdemona's position here is largely due to no other factor than fate. Desdemona speaks of Cassio, and Othello, to please her, agrees to see him, but he is distracted by his private thoughts.
As Desdemona leaves, Othello chides himself for being irritated by his wife. Lovingly he sighs, "Excellent wretch! Perdition catch my soul, / But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, / Chaos is come again" (90–92).
A conversation follows between Othello and Iago, in which Iago continues to imply that he knows something that he refuses to divulge, Othello denies that he would give himself over to jealousy. In his denial, he shows himself most vulnerable. He is consumed with doubt and suspicion. Othello voices his old fears that Brabantio was right, that it was unnatural for Desdemona to love him, that he was too horrible to be loved, and that it could not last. Iago leaves, and Othello contemplates his situation: He could be tricked, married to a woman who is already looking at other men, and he fears that he must wipe her out of his heart. He tries to tell himself that it is not true.
Iago also urges Othello to recall that Desdemona deceived her own father by marrying Othello. To Brabantio, Desdemona pretended to be afraid of Othello's dark looks; she pretended to shake and tremble at Othello's exotic demeanor, yet "she lov'd them [Othello's features] most" (207). The implication is clear; Iago does not have to state it: If Desdemona deceived her own flesh and blood, she might just as naturally deceive her husband.
When Desdemona re-enters, Othello's aspect is changed; he watches her intently, looking for signs, and brushes away her handkerchief when she seeks to sooth him. They go in to dinner, and Emilia picks up the fallen handkerchief, one that her husband, Iago, often urged her to steal from Desdemona. Emilia decides to have a copy made to give to Iago, but he enters, sees the handkerchief, and snatches it from her.
When Othello enters, Iago sees that Othello cannot regain his peace of mind. His speech is fevered, sweeping and frantic; he believes that his wife has been unfaithful to him. Othello then turns on Iago with savage intensity and demands to see the proof of Desdemona's infidelity. Cornered, Iago produces the dream story: Cassio spoke in his sleep, embraced him, called him Desdemona, and cursed the Moor. Iago tells Othello that he has seen Cassio wipe his brow with a handkerchief embroidered with strawberries; Othello recognizes this handkerchief as the one he gave to Desdemona.
Othello dismisses love and calls for vengeance. Certainty has freed his mind from doubt and confusion. Now he swears action, and Iago swears to help him. Othello wants Cassio dead, Iago agrees to do it, and then Othello wonders how to kill Desdemona.
The fire of jealousy is further inflamed in Othello in Act III: Scene 4.When Othello enters, he claims a headache and asks her for a handkerchief to bind his head, but he will have only the embroidered strawberry handkerchief. Desdemona cannot produce the handkerchief and tries to deflect his questions about the handkerchief, speaking again of Cassio. Othello walks out in fury.
But Othello is totally engulfed by his jealousy in Act IV: Scene 1,in which he Sees his wife's handkerchief in the hands of Cassio's mistress Bianca.It is, for Othello, the "ocular proof" he sought. He is now convinced of Desdemona's infidelity and knows he must kill both Cassio and Desdemona that very night. This is the second time Othello has sworn to kill both Cassio and Desdemona.
Othello goes directly to the point: "How shall I murder him, Iago?" Othello swears also to kill his wife this night, he curses her and weeps over her at the same time, mingling love and murder: "for she shall not live; no, my heart is turned to stone . . . " (178–179).
Still Othello knows the pull of love and asks for poison so that he might kill her at a distance, but he sees justice in Iago's idea of strangling her in her bed, imagining that she has dishonored that bed. Again the agreement is made: Iago is to kill Cassio, and Othello is to kill Desdemona.
Thus we see how the passion of jealousy ,which derives from pride and breeds anger ,gradually gains control over Othello and destroys his initial nobility,so that he finally turns into the black beast that he was at first unjustly accused of being.The decline in the moral and spiritual stature of Othello goes hand in hand with the destruction of his love for and faith in Desdemona.
Iago, “most honest” in the eyes of his companions, is, in fact, truly the opposite. His feelings of jealousy uncovers his actual self.
Jealousy divorces Iago from rationality and this loss of rational causes Iago to make a life of jealousy and plots to destroy Othello. Although Iago has a reputation of being “full of love and honesty” ,he is responsible for destroying many lives and is considered “perhaps one of the most villainous characters in all literature” .Iago alludes to Othello that his wife, Desdemona, has been unfaithful with Cassio. Iago initially intends to hurt Othello and make him regret appointing Cassio as his lieutenant; however, he ends up hurting others in the process. Iago’s jealousy causes his true character, one of “vicious[ness]” , to become noticeable. This, in turn, creates a new Othello to emerge, one “utterly possessed, calling out for blood and vengeance” .
The theme of jealousy is prominent throughout the play as it motivates the characters’ actions. The major characters of Iago and Othello clearly possess this jealousy and show how it affects them. Iago is forced to expose his actual nature and Othello undergoes a total transformation from a normal human to a spiteful monster. Obviously, jealousy does cause people to change in horrific ways.
The dramatic irony is that the most jealous indignation is expressed over offenses that did not happen: Othello jealous about his wife; Bianca jealous about Cassio; Iago formerly jealous about Emilia. Each character attempts to cope as an individual, except Emilia, who has a theory that jealousy is a constituent part of masculinity. The evidence before her own eyes backs up her assessment.