|Prime Minister of the Government of India|
State Emblem of India
Flag of India
since 26 May 2014 (2014-05-26)
|Prime Minister's Office|
|Style||The Honourable (formal)|
His Excellency (diplomatic)
|Member of||Cabinet, Parliament|
|Residence||7, Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi|
|Seat||Prime Minister's Office, South Block, New Delhi|
|Appointer||President of India|
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Lok Sabha
|Term length||At the pleasure of the President|
Lok Sabha term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified
|Inaugural holder||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Formation||15 August 1947; 70 years ago (1947-08-15)|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister of India(if any)|
|Salary||₹20 lakh (US$31,000) (annual, including ₹960,000 (US$15,000) MP's salary)|
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive branch of the Government of India. The prime minister is also the chief adviser to the President of India and head of the Council of Ministers. They can be a member of any of the two houses of Parliament (the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha), but has to be a member of the political party, having a majority in the Lok Sabha.
The prime minister is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. The prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the Government; is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet.
The union cabinet headed by the prime minister is appointed by the President of India to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. Union cabinet is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha as per Article 75(3). The prime minister shall always enjoy the confidence of Lok Sabha and shall resign if they are unable to prove majority when instructed by the president.
Origins and history
India follows a parliamentary system in which the prime minister is the presiding, actual head of the government and chief of the executive of the Government. In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e., the monarch, president, or governor-general) usually holds a purely ceremonial position.
The prime minister shall become, if they are not already, a member of parliament within six months of beginning his/her tenure. They are expected to work with other central ministers to ensure the passage of bills by the Parliament.
Constitutional framework and position of prime minister
The Constitution envisions a scheme of affairs in which the President of India is the head of the executive in terms of Article 53 with office of the prime minister as chief of Council of Ministers to assist and advise the president in the discharge of his/her constitutional functions. To quote, Article 53, 74 and 75 provide as under;
The executive powers of the Union shall be vested in the president and shall be exercised either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the Constitution.
— Article 53(1), Constitution of India
There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.
— Article 74(1), Constitution of India
The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
— Article 75(1), Constitution of India
Like most parliamentary democracies, a President's duties are mostly ceremonial as long as the constitution and the rule of law is obeyed by the Union Cabinet and the legislatures. The Prime Minister of India is the head of union government and has the responsibility for executive power. The president's constitutional duty is to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law per Article 60. In the constitution of India, the prime minister is mentioned in only four of its articles (Articles 74,75,78 and 366), however he plays a crucial role in the union government of India by enjoying majority in the Lok Sabha.
Role and power of the prime minister
The prime minister leads the functioning and exercise of authority of the union government of India. The President of India invites a person (subject to eligibility) who is commanding support of majority members of Lok Sabha to form the Union government, also known as the Central government, at the national level and exercise its powers. In practice the prime minister nominates the members of their council of ministers to the president. They also work upon to decide a core group of ministers(known as the cabinet) as in-charge of the important functions and ministries of the Government of India.
The prime minister is responsible for aiding and advising the president in distribution of work of the Government to various ministries and offices and in terms of the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. The co-ordinating work is generally allocated to the Cabinet Secretariat. While the work of the Government is generally divided into various Ministries, the prime minister may retain certain portfolios if they are not allocated to any member of the cabinet.
The prime minister, in consultation with the cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament to them as the in-charge of the portfolios in the capacity as Prime Minister of India.
Some specific ministries/department are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the prime minister themself. The prime minister is usually always in charge/head of:
The prime minister represents the country in various delegations, high level meetings and international organisations that require the attendance of the highest government office and also addresses to the nation on various issues of national or other importance.
Per Article 78 of the constitution, the official communication between the union cabinet and the president are through the prime minister. Other wise constitution recognises the prime minister as a member of the union cabinet only outside the sphere of union cabinet.
According to Article 84 of the Constitution of India, which sets the principle qualification for member of Parliament, and Article 75 of the Constitution of India, which sets the qualifications for the minister in the Union Council of Minister, and the argument that the position of prime minister has been described as 'first among equals', A prime minister must:
- be a citizen of India.
- be a member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha at the time of selection, they must become a member of either of the houses within six months.
- be above 25 years of age if they are a member of Lok Sabha or above 30 years of age if they are a member of the Rajya Sabha.
- not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
If however a candidate is elected as the prime minister they must vacate their post from any private or government company and may take up the post only on completion of their term.
The prime minister is required to make and subscribe in the presence of President of India before entering office, the oath of office and secrecy, as per the Third Schedule of the Constitution of India.
Oath of office:
I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.
— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I
Oath of secrecy:
I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as prime minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.
— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II
Upon ceasing to possess the requisite qualifications to be a member of Parliament subject to the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
By Article 75 of the constitution of India, remuneration of the prime minister as well as other ministers are to be decided by the Parliament and is renewed from time to time. The original remuneration for prime minister and other ministers were specified in the Part B of the second schedule of the constitution, which was later removed by an amendment.
In 2010, the prime minister's office reported that he did not receive a formal salary, but was only entitled to monthly allowances. That same year The Economist reported that, on a purchasing power parity basis, the prime minister received an equivalent of $4106 per year. As a percentage of the country's per-capita GDP (Gross Domestic Product), this is the lowest of all countries The Economist surveyed.
|Salary in Oct 2009||Salary in Oct 2010||Salary in Jul 2012|
|₹100,000 (US$1,500)||₹135,000 (US$2,100)||₹160,000 (US$2,500)|
The 7, Lok Kalyan Marg ( earlier name was Race Course Road) in New Delhi, serves as the official place of residence for the Prime Minister of India. For ground travel, the prime minister uses the highly modified armoured BMW 7 Series (F01), while for air travel, an aircraft designated by the call sign Air India One is used. The Special Protection Group is charged with protecting the sitting prime minister and his/her family.
If I Become The Prime Minister of India
If In Become An All Powerful Person in India for a Year
Essay No. 01
Pen in hand, I wonder, what I should write. What an idea! Can I become the Prime Minister of India? Well, why not? There are no basic qualifications for that. I am a citizen of free India. I have all the qualifications of a modern leader.
If, by some stroke of luck, I become an all- powerful person in India even for a short period, I am going to change the face of this country. The first thing I shall lay my hand on would be education. I will change the entire system of education and make it purposeful, useful, interesting and easy. I will change the entire system of education. There will be no pass-fail system. Everyone who completes his courses will be declared successful. Teaching and testing will go hand in hand. More stress will be laid on practical work and vocational training. Education will be free and universal. Open textbook system of examination followed by viva-voce test will be introduced at all levels. Teachers will be asked to re-orient themselves for the new challenges and steps will be taken to make the teaching profession really attractive. Sub-standard and ill-equipped teachers will be thrown out and really talented people will be inducted into the profession.
I shall introduce some drastic changes in the system of elections. No person who is not educated up the matriculation stage, will be allowed to contest an election. Elections will be financed by the State. Defection will not be allowed. Elections will be free and fair. Really, capable men will be encouraged to come forward and join the government. All parties will be allowed a free use of the All India Radio and the Doordarshan. Independents and regional parties will not be allowed to contest.
There will be equality of opportunity for all. The system of reservations of jobs will be scrapped. Merit will be the only criterion for jobs and admissions. There will be no place for nepotism, corruption and recommendations.
I shall try to establish a truly socialistic pattern of society. The gap between the rich and the poor will be narrowed down. Nobody will be allowed to hold more than one house. Right to property will be taken away. The rich will not be allowed to become richer beyond a certain limit and the poor will be taken away. The rich will not be allowed to become richer beyond a certain limit and the poor will not be allowed to become poorer. Medical treatment will be free. There will be no unemployment. Agriculture will be given the highest priority. Family planning will be strictly enforced to achieve a target of zero growth. Cottage and small scale industry will grow simultaneously with heavy industries. More and more hydel power projects and solar power sets will be installed so that there is no shortage of power in the country.
Character building will also receive an important place. Textbooks will be re-written to build up character, a sense of nationalism and patriotism. Every student will be made to feel that he is an Indian first and an Indian last. They will be made to participate to constructive activities and will be called upon to build a new India free from poverty, dirt and lethargy. Sports and cultural activities will be encouraged on a big scale. Sportsmen would be caught young and given an intensive training so that they bring a fair name to the country in various international meets.
Under my able stewardship, the country will march on the greater and greater prosperity. Evils like corruption, smuggling and hoarding will become things of the past. Our country will be a heaven of peace and prosperity. In the international field, India will occupy a place of honour. All this is no bragging or self-praise. Nothing is impossible. I shall do my best to fulfill the dreams of Mahatma Gandhi the Father of the Nation. In a very short time, my country will become a land of peace and prosperity where every head is high, where every hand is busy, and where every heart is happy.
Essay No. 2
If I were the Prime Minster of India
I wish I were the Prime Minister of India so that I might serve my country in most humble manner. The Prime Minister enjoys the highest place in the Government of Minister who has the real power invested in him by the people of the country. he is the captain of the team of ministers who head various departments of the country. a Prime Minister should be a person with all the quantities of head, heart and soul. He should be the benefactor of the masses. Any selfish motive on behalf of the Prime Minister can put the country into irrepairable losses.
As a Prime Minister of India I would see that the poverty is vanished from this land for ever and people get at least two square meals a day.
As a Prime Minister I would work to bring about communal harmony in the country. People would not fight in the name of religion. Caste or language. I would take effective steps to check communal riots. My next step would be to fight corruption which is rampant these days throughout the country.
My next priority as a Prime Minster would be that India continues to acquire strength so that she can face internal disturbances and external aggression from any quarters. I would not allow any complacence in this regard, because a weak nation always invites invaders. Armed forces of the country would be well – provided in all respects so that no enemy dares have evil designs against our sovereignty.
However, I would continue to follow the policy of peaceful co-existence and maintain friendly relations with our neighboring countries like China, Pakistan, Srilanka and Bangladesh. India would not join any power blocs but she would always take keen interest in the non- aligned movement. She would work for the welfare of mankind and endeavour to bring about a new economic order so that the developed countries of the world may not exploit the developing countries.
India is a country with a glorious past and it should be our effort to preserve our cherished culture and safeguard our independence and integrity through all possible effort. The spirit of true nationalism needs to be improved in the people to work for its progress by leaps and bounds and fulfil the dreams of our great leaders who sacrificed their lives for her freedom.
Essay No. 03
If I were the Prime Minister of India
India is a democratic republic, in which the legislators are elected through a direct election. Prime Minister is the leader of the Party that wins the election at the centre.
It means that the person, who is to become the Prime Minister, must have a strong and long active political career. I have no such background and I’m not sure if I’ll be having such a background as I grow up. Therefore, the chances of my becoming the Prime Minister of India are almost nil. In spite of this, I do not find anything wrong in imaging myself to be the Prime Minister of India.
Thus, if I become the Prime Minister of India, I’ll do certain daring things which will be very useful for the Indian nation and the Indian people.
First of all, a country must be very strong in military and economic terms. So, I’ll start many factories in India itself to manufacture the latest and most supplicated weapons for the defence of the country. As for the economic development I’ll pay more attention to rapid industrialization and exports to make India a rich country.
The common people are more concerned with their comforts. I’ll start several social safety measures like old age and widow pension.
I’ll try to tackle some knotty problems on war-footing. Among such problems I’ve listed poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, female foeticide, corruption, fake currency, terrorism etc.
I’ll pay special attention to the problems of women, children, youth and senior citizens. I hope you’ll all cooperate with me to make India strong and the Indian people rich and happy. I’ll however, give full attention to national intergratism and world peace also.
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